Hominin Evolution

Australopithecus and Paranthropus

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Content Contributors
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Ben Whitten

Learning Objectives

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Who were the Australopithecines?
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The Australopithecines were thought to be the first Hominins (Southern Africa). There were two forms, gracile and robust; the gracile forms were smaller and lighter and the robust were heavier. This led to a reclassification, with the two gracile forms being;

  • Australopithecus afarensis

  • Australopithecus africanus

The robust form being;

  • Paranthropus robustus

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