Lawmaking Process

Influence of Political Parties

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Learning Objectives

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Definitions:
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Political Party: 

  • Organized groups that attempt to influence the government by electing their members to important government offices

Crossbenchers: 


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Mechanisms of Influencing:
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Ways through which influence can occur:

  • Political parties can create legislation through their exectutive dominance in the HoR. (an example being the Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme)


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Examples of Political Parties Influencing
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ABCC Legislation

  • Turnbull introduced legislation which prevented union workers from entering construction sites, and if charged are guilty before innocent.

  • Passes in HOR due to executive dominance but failed in the Senate.

  • Turnbull gets G.G to prorogue parliament. Senate votes no and a double dissolution occurs; he loses seats in the Senate.

  • Major amendments made to the bill and onus of proof was scrapped.


Medevac Legislation

  • Phelps, an independent, introduces a PMB (priv mem bill) which went against pre-existing legislation.

  • The bill was filibustered and died.

  • Home affairs bill passed in HOR but wouldn’t in the Senate; Storer adds medevac legislation to the bill and it passes in the Senate due to the crossbench and ALP.

  • When it goes back to the HoR, it passes as well due to the nature of a minority govt after the leadership spill


Carbon Tax (2011/2012)

  • Julia Gillard PM, with the help of the Greens party, passed a legislation that put a tax on carbon.

  • Since they were in a minority govt, the bill wouldn't have passed without the Greens

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Influence of Individuals
Influence of Political Parties
Influence of Pressure Groups
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